Students trace the history of Jerusalem through the eyes of the Menorah (candelabrum), among the oldest symbols of Judaism. Its tale encompasses three millennia, beginning in the Temple in ancient Jerusalem and concluding at the Knesset in modern Jerusalem.
The Menorah has accompanied the Jewish people as an important symbol throughout their history. In these two sessions, we will examine the Biblical Menorah that was described in the Torah and was used in the first and second Temples, its rededication by the Maccabees, and its capture by the Romans as depicted on the Arch of Titus. We will compare the original Menorah to the Chanukiyah, and then examine its reemergence as the symbol of the State of Israel and the adornment of the Israeli Knesset.